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カテゴリ:Facts A-Z( 4 )

植民地主義と帝国主義

Colonialism and Imperialism

A colony is part of an empire and so colonialism is closely related to imperialism. The initial assumption is that colonialism and imperialism are interchangeable however, Robert Young, suggests that imperialism is the concept while colonialism is the practice. Colonialism is based on an imperial outlook, thereby creating a consequential relationship between the two. Through an empire, colonialism is established and capitalism is expanded, on the other hand a capitalist economy naturally enforces an empire.

植民地主義と帝国主義の違いと接点は解っておきたい。
それにしても、人間の歴史は酷いな、と思う。
現在の半分見せかけのような自由と平等の歴史を未来の人類は酷いな、と思って振り返るのだろうか。
でも間違いに気付いて、酷い、と思うのは、何も思わないよりはましだ・・・
[PR]
by congeniality | 2009-11-08 00:12 | Facts A-Z

Muhammad Iqbal


ムハンマド・イクバル(イスラムを「国家」として成立させる動き(パキスタンやイランなど)に哲学者という立場から深くかかわった人物)の著書The Reconstruction of Religious Thought in Islam (イスラムにおける宗教的思想を徹底再建!(現代風に訳してみた))を読んでいたら

Urfiの詩が引用されていた
■ If your heart is not deceived by the mirage, be not proud of the sharpness of your understanding: for your freedom from this optical illusion is due to your imperfect thirst
つまり、人間物事を見たいようにしか見ないから、喉が渇いていると砂漠の砂も湖に見えてしまうよ、ということらしい。イクバルはThe element of purpose discloses a kind of forward look in consciousness(目的が意識における先の見解を暴く)をとも言っている。

これを読んでいて先日の授業中に扱ったイラク戦争を批判した文献への批判で
「この文献を読んで、イラク戦争に賛成した人たちが反対にかわるとは思わないし、反対した人たちが賛成にまわるとも思えない。マイケルムーアの映画と同じで、もともとイラク戦争に反対した人にしか伝わらないメッセージではないか」という意見が挙がったのを思い出した。

「自分の欲しい情報だけセレクトしてそれをつなぎあわせて、もともとの主張に結びつけてしまう」という傾向は日々の生活だけではなくて政治と学問にも多々見られる。マイケルムーアの話にもどると、もちろん戦争反対派の層が広まって戦争賛成の層を覆せれば別。だけれど、欲を言えば戦争賛成の意見そのものを覆せるように一歩先に進めなければいけないと思う。要注意。以下ムハンマドイクバルとは?(時間短縮のためウィキペディア参照)



Muhammad Iqbal
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Muhammad Iqbal
علامہ محمد اقبال
Born November 9, 1877 in Sialkot
Punjab, British India
Died April 21, 1938 (aged 60)
Lahore, Punjab, British India
School/tradition Sufism, Islam, Shiite, Ismaili
Main interests poetry, philosophy, sufism
Notable ideas Two-Nation Theory
Influenced by[show]
Aristotle, Rumi, Goethe, Nietzsche
Influenced[show]
Pakistan Movement, Ali Shariati, Khalilollah Khalili, Jawdat Said

Hazrat Allama Sir Dr. Muhammad Iqbal (Punjabi, Urdu: علامہ محمد اقبال; November 9, 1877 Sialkot – April 21, 1938 Lahore) was a Persian and Urdu poet, philosopher and politician [1] whose vision of an independent state for the Muslims of British India was to inspire the creation of Pakistan. He is commonly referred to as Allama Iqbal (علامہ اقبال‎, Allama meaning "Scholar").

After studying in Cambridge, Munich and Heidelberg, Iqbal established a law practice, but concentrated primarily on writing scholarly works on politics, economics, history, philosophy and religion. He is best known for his poetic works, including Asrar-e-Khudi—which brought a knighthood— Rumuz-e-Bekhudi, and the Bang-e-Dara, with its enduring patriotic song Tarana-e-Hind. In India, he is widely regarded for the patriotic song, Saare Jahan Se Achcha. In Afghanistan and Iran, where he is known as Iqbāl-e Lāhorī (اقبال لاہوری‎ Iqbal of Lahore), he is highly regarded for his Persian works.

Iqbal was a strong proponent of the political and spiritual revival of Islamic civilisation across the world, but specifically in South Asia; a series of famous lectures he delivered to this effect were published as The Reconstruction of Religious Thought in Islam. One of the most prominent leaders of the All India Muslim League, Iqbal encouraged the creation of a "state in northwestern India for Muslims" in his 1930 presidential address.[2] Iqbal encouraged and worked closely with Muhammad Ali Jinnah, and he is known as Muffakir-e-Pakistan ("The Thinker of Pakistan"), Shair-e-Mashriq ("The Poet of the East"), and Hakeem-ul-Ummat ("The Sage of Ummah"). He is officially recognized as the national poet of Pakistan.[3][4][5] The anniversary of his birth (یوم ولادت محمد اقبال‎ - Yōm-e Welādat-e Muḥammad Iqbāl) is on November 9, and is a national holiday in Pakistan.
[PR]
by congeniality | 2009-10-30 22:15 | Facts A-Z

Mohammed Saeed al-Sahhaf محمد سعيد الصحاف

Mohammed Saeed al-Sahhafとはバグダッドボブというあだ名で呼ばれていたイラクの元外交官でありイラク戦争中は毎日記者会見をおこなっていた
(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Muhammad_Saeed_al-Sahhaf)

ちなみに同じくWikiで比べられていたのがトウキョウローズというあだ名に関連して戸栗さん
(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iva_Toguri_D%27Aquino)

このとき、ブッシュ元大統領(そういえば昨日からやっと’元’と付けられる時代になった!長かった8年)とal-Sahhafはそれぞれ違う立場でありながらも同じ目的があった
それはどうやってこちら側が勝利しているという「印象」を付けるか(In Philip Hammond’s Media, War & Postmodernity)
以上メモ
[PR]
by congeniality | 2009-01-22 02:59 | Facts A-Z

Tariq Aziz

人物名、出来事を整理するために今日からFactsカテゴリー追加します
Wikipediaからの引用が多いので情報の正確さは保障できませんがあしからず

本日の人物はTariq Aziz
イスラム教ではないという事実が興味深い 
以下Wiki

member of the Iraqi Revolutionary Command Council
5th Vice President of Iraq
In office
July 16, 1979 – April 9, 2003
Succeeded by Jay Garner, as Head of the Coalition Provisional Authority

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Foreign Minister
In office
1979 – 1991

Political party Ba'ath Arab Socialist Party
Religion Chaldean Catholic

Mikhail Yuhanna, later and more popularly known as Tariq Aziz or Tareq Aziz, (Arabic: طارق عزيز, Syriac: ܜܪܩ ܥܙܝܙ) (born 1936 in Tel Keppe) was the Foreign Minister (1983 – 1991) and Deputy Prime Minister (1979 – 2003) of Iraq, and a close advisor of former President Saddam Hussein for decades. Their association began in the 1950s, when both were Ba'ath party activists, while the party was still officially banned.

Since Saddam Hussein was both Prime Minister and President of Iraq, Aziz often played the role of Iraq's de facto head of government. Because of security concerns, Hussein rarely left Iraq, and Aziz in turn would often represent Iraq at high-level diplomatic summits. In December 2002, Aziz called the arms inspection a "hoax" and war "inevitable." What the United States wanted, he averred, was not "regime change" in Iraq but rather "region change." He summed up the Bush Administration's reasons for war against Iraq tersely: "oil and Israel."[1] Aziz's Chaldean Catholic faith made him unique, as the Iraqi government's only high-ranking Christian government official.[citation needed] He is currently in prison, possibly facing charges in connection with the crushing of the Shia Muslim uprising after the 1991 Gulf War. The spiritual leader of Iraq's Chaldean Christian community Emmanuel III Delly has called for his release in a Christmas message. [2]
[PR]
by congeniality | 2008-03-04 07:47 | Facts A-Z
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